WeiYa's Work Yard

A dog, who fell into the ocean of statistics, tries to write down his ideas and notes to save himself.

Time-varying Group Sparse Additive Model for GWAS

Posted on (Update: )
Tags: GWAS, Time-varying

This post is for Marchetti-Bowick, M., Yin, J., Howrylak, J. A., & Xing, E. P. (2016). A time-varying group sparse additive model for genome-wide association studies of dynamic complex traits. Bioinformatics, 32(19), 2903–2910.

  • most existing GWAS methodologies are still limited to the use of static phenotypes measured at a single point.
  • the paper proposes a new method for association mapping that considers dynamic phenotypes measured at a sequence of time points.
  • Time-Varying Group Sparse Additive Models (TV-GroupSpAM) for high-dimensional, functional regression

  • fGWAS: performing GWAS of dynamic traits, construct a separate model to estimate the smooth, time-varying influence of each SNP on the phenotype.
    • once the mean effects have been estimated for each genotype at each time point, a hypothesis test is performed to determine whether the SNP has any additive or dominant effect on the trait.
    • the principal drawback is that it is inappropriate for modeling complex traits that arise from interactions between genetic effect at different loci.
  • the paper introduce a new penalized multivariate regression approach for GWAS of dynamic quantitative traits, in which the phenotype is modeled as a sum of nonparametric, time-varying SNP effects
\[Y(T) = f_0(T) + \sum_{j=1}^pf_j(T, X_j) + w(T) = f_0(T) + \sum_{j=1}^p\sum_{g=0}^2 f_j^g(T)X_j^g + w(T)\]

Published in categories Note